Lungs of Mother Earth is on Fire, last days of life are numbered
Outrageous fires are ripping through the Amazon, the evergreen forest and ecosystem on which the whole world depends. This is the heart-breaking news flying through media at present for everyone who are having a heart. Even that is visible to the space, as astronauts have captured images of widespread smoke throughout Amazon from the International Space Station (ISS).
A record number of fires have raged throughout Brazil, intensifying in August. There have been more than 74,000 fires so far this year, the most ever recorded by the country’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE). It’s a roughly 80 percent escalation compared to the number of fires the country experienced over the same time period in 2018. The number of fires in Brazil this year is the highest on record since 2013. Unfortunately, more than half of those fires are taking place in the Amazon.
There are many reasons for this disaster to take place. According to experts, the Amazon rainforest is typically wet and humid, July and August are the region’s driest months. In the meantime, deforestation and a practice called slash-and-burn are to blame for most of the flames. People cut down patches of forest, allow the area to dry out, then set the remains aflame to make room for cultivation or other development. They might also set fires to replenish the soil and encourage the growth of pastures for cattle, as Brazil is the world’s top exporter of beef. Therefore, no doubt that this rise in fire activity.
When it comes to the affect on the environment, forest fires and climate change function in a vicious circle. As the number of fires increase, greenhouse gas emissions do too. This makes the planet’s overall temperature rise. As the temperature increases, extreme weather events like major droughts happen more often. In addition to that, deforestation contributes directly to a change in rainfall patterns in the affected region, extending the length of the dry season, further affecting forests, biodiversity, agriculture and human health.
Effects of damage to the Amazon extend far beyond Brazil and its neighbours. The area’s rain forest generates more than 20% of the world’s oxygen and is home to 10% of the world’s known biodiversity. This is the reason why Amazon is referred as the “lungs of the planet” and plays a major role in regulating the global climate. The world would drastically change as the rain forest is going to disappear, with impacts on everything from walking outside in sun to drinking water.
The fires are still active. If humans did not step forward to reverse the damage and prevent caused to it, our ash will be settled sooner within the ash of Amazon.